What to do in Lisbon TOP 10 for a unique experience!

What to do in Lisbon castle belem tower

What to do in Lisbon – Lisbon is an interesting city. In Lisbon, you can find interesting attractions and something you can’t miss in Lisbon are all its panoramic viewpoints. Lisbon in fact has been built on several hills and this creates many good panoramic viewpoints upon different parts of the city.

Is this your first time in Lisbon Portugal? Do you want to know what to see in Lisbon? No Problem! In this post, you find the TOP 10 things to see in Lisbon.

TOP 10 Things to do in Lisbon

This is our list of 10 things to see in Lisbon:

  1. Commerce Square
  2. The museum of the history of Lisbon which is located in the square of commerce
  3. Miradouro da Senhora do Monte
  4. Lisbon Castle or Castle of São Jorge
  5. Belem Tower
  6. Lisbon Oceanarium
  7. Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara
  8. Cableway of the ex Fiera area
  9. Miradouro da Graça
  10. Fado show

1. Commerce Square

Commerce Square is at the top of our list of what to do in Lisbon and what to see. This is, in fact, the main point of the city. This square was designed and built after the terrible earthquake that devastated the city in 1755.

What to do in Lisbon
What to do in Lisbon – Commerce Square

This historical place has always been an important point for Lisbon. Lisbon has a long history of trading with distant lands. Exotic goods arrived at this point first from Africa and then from Brazil.

The trade and the number of goods were so important to the city that at one point, the royal residence was even moved from the hill to the vicinity of the ship landing. In this way, the king could control the riches that arrived in the city.

All this until the drastic earthquake of 1755 destroyed the city and which was the starting point for a change of appearance of the city itself.

After initial disorientation on the part of the population, the projects for the new Lisbon were launched. Some wanted to move it to an area not affected by the earthquake, some wanted to rebuild it as it was, but the project that was approved was to destroy to rebuild, then rebuild the city with a completely new face, giving the off to the first modern city of Europe.

2. The museum of the history of Lisbon

Staying in Commerce Square, there is an interesting museum that is worth visiting in Lisbon. This museum is on our list of what to see in Lisbon, not so much because it contains particular objects but because it makes you better understand where you are and lets you experience Lisbon’s history.

This museum is indeed a guide through the history of Lisbon from its birth to the present day. Everything is done in a non-monotonous way (indeed!) With audio and video. It is an excellent starting point for visiting the city.

3. Miradouro da Senhora do Monte

Lisbon stretches from the river up the surrounding hills. This location gives the city several Miradouros. In our list of what to see in Lisbon, we have included several. Among all, however, the one we prefer is the Miradouro da Senhora do Monte.

From here we have a fantastic view of the Lisbon Castle of the Tagus River and the city below. The climb to get here is felt but the view pays off the effort. Alternatively, you can choose to be carried 😉 by one of the characteristics Lisbon Tuk.

4. Lisbon Castle or Castle of São Jorge

What to do in Lisbon? You can’t say to have well visited this city without visiting Lisbon Castle.

City walls surround the old city center and the castle. To visit the city castle, you should enter this historic area. To understand better what we are visiting, we want to know something more about Lisbon’s History.

At the Lisbon castle, there are also a few beautiful peacocks. They are very unexpected inhabitants of the castle 😉

What to do in Lisbon TOP 10 for a unique experience! 1
What to do in Lisbon? Visit Lisbon Castle.

Castles had to resist to prolonged siege. To this purpose, they have various structural features to make access, penetration, and destruction more difficult.

Their physical grandiosity had to dissuade potential enemies when they saw the castle from far away. Their location depended on the topography of the terrain, taking advantage of steep areas.

Features that improved castle defenses and prevented besiegers from taking over the castle included the height and thickness of the walls and towers, reinforced entranceways defended by turrets, and elbow-shaped entrances, among others.

The Lisbon Castle is on the top of the hill, in the most challenging place to access. It was making use of the natural slopes to the north and west.

The Lisbon castle’s elevated position allows the visitors to see it from different city areas and have a beautiful Lisbon view from the castle courtyard and windows.

Although it was repeatedly rebuilt over the centuries, it retains its original square plan with two courtyards separated by a curtain wall and many towers. In particular, we have the Tower of the Keep, Tower of Ulysses, Palace Tower, Cistern Tower, and the Tower of St. Lawrence situated on the hillside.

Ruins of older structures and a cistern still remain in a second courtyard. Also found within this courtyard is a small door on the northern wall called the Door of Treason, which allowed secret messengers to enter or exit if needed. Three sets of steps leading up the sides of the walls provide access to the towers and the ramparts, one in the first courtyard and two in the second.

TOWERS, CURTAIN WALLS (DEFENSIVE WALLS BETVVEEN TOWERS) AND TURRETS

Usually adjoining the curtain walls, towers are some of the most outstanding elements of castles. Normally they are taller than the watts and placed at strategic points. Like the walls, the towers are built to withstand attack and are situated according to the layout of the wall, which itself depends on the characteristics of the terrain.

Placed at corners or at the middle of a wall, towers are spaced accordingly to defend both the walls between them as well as one wall from another. The battlements were meant to protect soldiers while making the rounds as well as during battle, enabling them to aim at their target while under protection.

THE MOAT, BARBICAN (FORTIFIED GATEWAY) AND ELBOW-CURVE SYSTEM

These construction features were meant to reinforce the forces passíve defenses, further impeding access to the interior. The moat O prevented machinery from approaching the walls, aided by the slope of the barbican’s outer wall. The barbican was set ín front of the walls and cowers with a walled road or neck O linking them.

The elbow-curve system of the barbican gate ID further impeded invaders from advancing along the neck. It crapped them in a narrow curved corridor under crossfire from soldiers in the cowers and turrets, thus slowing their entrance into the castle. The gate to the castle also had an elbow-curve system that funneled invaders into an area under heavy attack from watchmen on the ramparts.

Lisbon and the Walls

In the 11th and 12th centuries, Lisbon had an urban model similar to that of other medieval cities located on hilltops and urban design. Stilt showed signs of its Roman legacy. With natural defense conditions that allowed surveilling the Tagus and its surrounding area, it had, at the top, the “Alcacova” (citadel), the city’s privileged area with its own wall that included the castle, residential areas for the elites and religious buildings.

The south section of this enclosure, whose shape dates back, at least, to the 17th century, still has two semicircular towers and two gates. The urban center, which was also walled, grew along the hillside towards the riverside and included the largest mosque, which would later be turned into the Cathedral, housing quarters, a market and the public baths.

With a paramount role in defense, the walls were also a symbol that marked the city’s boundary within the walls and the surrounding area (suburbs), predominantly rural.

THE “CERCA VELHA” WALL IN THE URBAN SPACE

Being a structuring and essential element of the city’s defenses, the “Cerca Velha” Wall (Old War) underwent successive repairs and changes, many of which were related to the evolution of fortifications and siege methods.

This wall’s partial dismantling resulted from the construction of the Fernandine wall (1373-1375), a defense line that integrated new areas to the east and west of the initial urban core. The old wall was progressively adjusted to the ongoing urban evolution due to the city’s reorganization during the Manueline (1495-1521) and Pombaline periods (after the earthquake of 1755) to the various needs that occasionally emerge, even today.

The ‘Cerca Velha” Wall is still a living structure, which remains partially integrated or visible in the layout of the current urban fabric. The buildings’ alignment, the main roads or the arches that exist by the riverside, memories of old gates and wickets are references that still allow us to rediscover the medieval urban landscape today.

5. The Belem Tower

The Belem Tower: history

King John II (1455-1495) conceived a pioneering plan for the defense of Lisbon. He planned the Tower of Cascais’ construction and the crossing of fire between the Tower of S. Sebastiao on the south bank and a barge anchored in the middle of the Tagus river. King Manuel I completed this project when he commissioned Francisco de Arrudo to build the Belem Tower between 1514 and 1519.

The Belem Tower loses strategic importance and becomes successively a prison (1589), a customs post (1655), a telegraph station (1810), and a lighthouse (1895). Major restoration works took place in the 19th (1846) and 20th centuries.

The Belem Tower: The drawbridge

The drawbridge of the Belem Tower, combined with a portcullis and several openings on the entrance ceiling through which projectiles were launched, made access by invaders difficult.

6. Oceanarium Lisbon

In the Lisbon big aquarium, we can admire a lot of fish. The more particular among all these fishes is the Ocean sunfish.

Ocean sunfish are the largest bony fish in the World, reaching more than three meters in length and weighing over two tons! This fish often lies on its side on the water surface to sunbathe.

This behavior helps it adjust the body temperature and it also allows birds to pick parasites off their skin. Ocean sunfish spend much time drifting near the ocean surface. For this reason, they are vulnerable to fishing boats that use drift gillnets and other fishing methods that target other species.

7. Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara

We chose this Miradouro because it gives a full view of the Alfama district. From this panoramic terrace, you can clearly see the castle, the cathedral of Lisbon, and part of the city’s new part. 

This panoramic terrace has an opposite location compared to other Miradouros. For example, this is true for the Miradouro da Graça and the Miradouro da Senhora do Monte.

Watch the following video to admire the Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara too.

8. Cableway of the ex 1998 Expo area

The cable car connects the Oceanarium with the modern district of the former fair area. The Park of Nations cable car was inaugurated in March 1998, during the World Exhibition in  Lisbon.

It is placed on our list of what to see in Lisbon as it offers a pleasant experience of seeing the new part of Lisbon from a slightly different perspective.

Watch the following video and retrace the highlights of the Lisbon cable car ride with us. We start from the Lisbon aquarium and arrive at the other end of the cable, in the expo ’98 district’s heart.

9. Miradouro da Graça

As promised, another Miradouro or viewpoint could not be missing from our list of what to see in Lisbon.

We place Miradouro da Graça not among the top positions because the view is quite similar to the Miradouro da Senhora do Monte, even if not of equal beauty. The climb is shorter and I think this is a great advantage for many.

10. Fado show

Attending a Fado show you will cheer up with traditional music and dance.

The 5 best panoramic views of Lisbon

  1. Miradouro da Senhora do Monte
  2. Lisbon Castle Castle of São Jorge
  3. Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara
  4. Cableway of the ex Fiera area
  5. Miradouro da Graça

1. Miradouro da Senhora do Monte

2. Lisbon Castle: St George Castle viewpoint (Miradouro do Castelo de São Jorge)

3. Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara

4. Cableway of the ex Fiera area

5. Miradouro da Graça

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TOP 10 What to do in Lisbon

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Portugal Westernmost point of Europe: Cabo da Roca

Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)

Portugal Westernmost point of Europe: Cabo da Roca, the end of Europe!

We are in Portugal at Cabo da Roca, not very far from Lisbon. Cabo da Roca is not only the westernmost point of Portugal but also it’s the westernmost point of Europe. The wind is very strong and you can hear it in the video.

Cabo da Roca is at 38 ° 47 ‘north latitude, and 9 ° 30’ west longitude. Cabo da Roca is the European continent’s westernmost point. The poet Luís Vaz de Camões defined this place as “Aqui … Onde a terra se acaba eo mar começa ….” (in Os Lusíadas, Canto VIII), in English here … where the earth ends and the sea it starts. This sentence is written upon the stone monument, which celebrates the place’s particularity.

Cabo da Roca is a cape located 140 meters above sea level, on the Portuguese coast, in the hamlet of Colares of the municipality of Sintra, in the district of Lisbon. Cabo da Roca is about 40 km (24,85 mi) from Lisbon and therefore is a perfect destination when you are in Lisbon and want to visit the city’s surroundings. The place is very suggestive and you can say that you have reached the end of the European continent or better at The end of Europe.

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  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)
  • Portugal Westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (2)

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Algarve Portugal: best beaches in Portugal

Algarve Portugal best beaches in Portugal

Algarve Portugal: best beaches in Portugal. The Algarve area in Portugal is very beautiful. It’s characterized by amazing beaches. In this post, we see the best beaches in Portugal by watching videos and images.

The beaches of Algarve Portugal are very famous for their scenographic impact. On most of the beaches, the water is very clear. The very problem is the temperature of the water that is very cold. For example, in the summer season, the water temperature is between 15 and 18 degrees Celsius (between 59 and 64.4 ℉).

That’s why people prefer water activities out of the water to swimming in the water. It’s also up to your cold resistance. In these areas kayaks, wave runners, and hiking are very popular sports. These sports and activities allow you to enjoy and admire the magnificent views.

TOP 10 best beaches in Portugal Algarve + 1

This is our Top 10 of the best beaches in Portugal Algarve.

  1. Praia da Marinha
  2. Praia do Barranco do Martinho near Ponta da Piedade
  3. Praia Três Irmãos
  4. Carvalho beach
  5. Praia de Benagil
  6. Praia dos Três Castelos
  7. Praia da Rocha
  8. Praia do Vau
  9. Praia dos Careanos
  10. Meia Praia

Below we present some of them.

11 – Meia Praia (Lagos)

We are in Ponta da Piedade, a panoramic point from which you can admire the very long beach of Meia Praia. We chose this observation point despite not being very close to the beach to see it entirely.

Meia Praia beach is located near Lagos Portugal and we place it in tenth place in our ranking of the most beautiful beaches in the Algarve. The beach has a nice extension, but now we want to take a closer look at another beautiful beach at the ninth place of our ranking.

10 – Praia Dos Careanos Portimao Portugal

Praia Dos Careanos beach is very close to Portimao, where you will find many beautiful beaches. It’s also for this reason that the Portimao area is a very touristic area of ​​the Algarve.

Praia Dos Careanos is very nice, not particularly crowded and quite reserved compared to the nearby beaches.

9 – Praia do Vao Portimao

Praia do Vao is located very close to Portimao. It is a fairly large beach compared to the neighboring ones even if not comparable in extension to the famous Praia da Rocha. Praia do Vao has a part of a free beach and a part with sunbeds and umbrellas. In Praia do Vao, you can rent kayaks, pedal boats and do various water activities. In Praia do Vao you can have a good time spent on the beach.

8 – Praia de Carvoeiro or Carvoeiro Beach

Praia do Carvoeiro is a very characteristic beach set between the rocky walls and is recognized by the boat for the colorful buildings close to the beach.

Not far from this beach, there is a beautiful walk in addition to the mythical rock in the shape of a pig’s face.

Watch the following video: TOP 10 – 8° Praia de Carvoeiro Beach Algarve Portugal 4k & STRANGE Rock in the shape of a pig face.

Text in the video:

This is Praia de Carvoeiro Beach Algarve Portugal and it’s a very cute beach not far from Portimao. The beach is not the only attraction in this area.

For example, there is a small fort with a nice view, but what is really amazing. This coast is impressive. Look at these cliffs and the holes in the rocks. And look, that girl in the cave is taking pictures maybe to share with friends.

Up there is the Carvoeiro boardwalk. A wooden walkway along the coastline. A beautiful place to hike. Here there is also a restaurant with a natural swimming pool.

Now we are going to see the STRANGE Rock in the shape of a pig face. Lastly, we enter into one of these beautiful caves with the boat waiting for the next adventure or better waiting for one of the following videos.

Other beautiful things to see near Carvoeiro

ROMANTIC Carvoeiro heart-shaped rock Algarve Portugal

Carvoeiro heart-shaped rock Algarve Portugal. The Algarve Coast in the south of Portugal is unique and surprising. There are high cliffs, beautiful beaches and caves. We are now going to admire one of these caves. This cave’s main characteristic is that it is opened on the top and the rocks form a heart shape.

This cave is so romantic, but another grotto is more romantic because it is called the cathedral of love.

Cathedral of Love Algarve Portugal

We are always in the area of Carvoeiro Algarve Portugal. Along this coast, we can discover many beautiful places and caves. It’s enough to enter into a grotto to find out a different little world that enchants you. We’ve seen the grotto opened on the top where the rocks form a heart shape. Now we are in the cathedral of love.

Surely, this place is beautiful. It’s also lovely to admire the see from inside this grotto. It’s like to admire a live painting.

7 – Praia da Rocha

Praia da Rocha is a huge beach located in Portimão. Portimão and Praia da Rocha are very popular mainly because they are an area and beach where many services are available. The main feature of this beach is its size. Thousands of people flock to this beach in the summer.

6 – Praia dos Três Castelos Portimao

We are in Portimao Portugal. Portimao is a popular touristic area for many reasons, but surely one of these is its huge beach: Praia da Rocha.

Anyway, there is another beautiful beach here: Praia Dos Três Castelos. From the viewpoint of the Three Castles, you can see on one side Praia dos Três Castelos and on the other side Praia da Rocha.

In the following video, you can see Praia Dos Três Castelos during the day and at sunset time.

5 – Praia de Benagil

We are in front of Benagil beach Algarve Portugal. This beach is one of the most famous beaches in this area, especially for what you can visit next to the beach. As you can see, many people arrive from the beach to the cave by kayak.

Do you want to enter the cave? Watch the next video for another adventure!

Benagil Cave Portugal 8k – The Benagil Cave Portugal is located next to the Benagil beach and is one of the most famous and evocative places in the Algarve. The Benagil Cave is also easily accessible by kayak from the beach. The Benagil Cave is considered the most beautiful sea cave in Portugal. Its characteristic beach and the opening at the top make this cave unique.

4 – Carvalho beach Algarve Portugal

Praia do Carvalho is a spectacular beach near Lagoa. When you pass in front of this beach, you can easily recognize it for the high rock coming out of the water. The clear water invites you to dive and swim, but the only problem is that it makes you freeze if you are not used to it.

We needed the courage to dive in this water of 15-celsius degrees or 59 Fahrenheit to get to the beach. But we required much more courage to go inside the water for the second time to come back to the boat.

Anyway, we couldn’t remain on the beach.

3 – Praia Três Irmãos

We are in Praia dos Três Irmãos a beautiful beach that is very close to Portimao, Algarve Portugal. Why this name? Praia dos Três Irmãos means beach of the three brothers. The three big rocks on the beach are really like three brothers to the eyes of those who come to this beach.

The beach has beautiful soft sand, and it’s enjoyable to walk barefoot on this beach. As you see Praia dos Tres Irmãos consists of several small coves. There is a lot to see and explore. It’s fantastic to see Praia dos Tres Irmãos before and after the low tide. The beach change completely. With the low tide, you can explore the beach better, walk from cove to cove. Anyway, this beach is gorgeous, either the high tide and the low tide.

2 – Praia do Barranco do Martinho

Ponta da Ponta da Piedade is an extremely panoramic point that we find near Lagos. Right below this observation point, you will find postcard beaches. Praia do Barranco do Martinho is just one of these beaches. Watch the following video!

Text of the video:

Hi everybody! Do you like this place? It’s amazing. We are in the south of Portugal, not far from Lagos, and we are looking at the Ponta da Piedade view.

Here, you can see that many people love kayaking because it’s a great way to observe this wonder from the ocean in peace. Below, you can see Praia do Barranco do Martinho and a group of people with kayaks about to leave. Let’s see them leave!

Here are the first ones that went without particular problems. Now the others will arrive too! At least, I think. Let’s give them time to get ready; otherwise, they feel a bit watched. Let’s go back later.

Here others have left! Well done! Someone is still missing, though. You are right: calmly, there is no rush. There are some difficulties with a kayak, ok, now it’s better! Come on; there’s only the last one left! Let’s wait together with his companions that he arrives. In the meantime, we enjoy the view.

Look! Pay attention! You have to go to the other side. Ok good. Another one comes up! Then it wasn’t the last! Well, now we’re there.

Some prefer the speedboat to the kayak because it is more comfortable and you don’t need to row. Here are our heroes!

Today we instead head towards the lighthouse and take a nice walk along this scenic route.

1- Praia da Marinha

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