Lake Garda Malcesine in Winter: the beach and the castle.

lake garda malcesine in winter

Lake Garda Malcesine in Winter: the beach, the castle and the amazing sunset. Watch the following video!

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How many days do you need in Amalfi Coast?

How many days do you need in Amalfi Coast? 1

How many days do you need in Amalfi Coast? You need 5 full days. (1-6)

I can give you a possible Amalfi Coast Itinerary. This itinerary includes the Amalfi Coast towns and Capri.

You can do this itinerary alone or you can insert it in another tour. You can easily reach the Amalfi Coast for example from Florence, the Chianti Area or Rome.

You can also extend the days you stay in the area and enjoy Naples or Pompei.

This itinerary is thought as a Spring travel idea. If you can choose when to visit the Amalfi Coast you should go from April to June. This is the time when spring explodes in a profusion of smells and colors and the sun is warm enough to enjoy the sea.

In July and August the Amalfi Coast is very crowded and the weather is very hot. May is the best month for a trip to the Amalfi Coast: perfect temperatures, bright colors and it isn’t too crowded.

Amalfi Coast Towns:

  • Positano
  • Vietri
  • Sorrento
  • Amalfi
  • Praiano

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Areopagus Athens: famous for apostle Paul talk

Areopagus Athens triplare

Aeropagus Athens Greece. The Aeropagus is associates with the spread of Christianity into Greece. The Apostle Paul converted a number of Athenians giving a talk from the top of the Aeropagus. Watch the video!

Origins of Areopagus

The Areopagus is a rocky outcrop approximately 115 m. high. It is between three other hills, the Acropolis, the Pnyx, and the Kolonos Agoraios. Its name probably derives from Ares, the god of war, and the Ares-Erinyes or Semnes (also called the Eumenides), underground goddesses of punishment and revenge. A judicial body, the Areopagus Council, met on this hill to preside over cases of murder, sacrilege, and arson. The Areopagus was also a place of religious worship.

Here there were several sanctuaries. One of them, the Semnes or Eumenides, probably located in a cavity at the northeast side of the hill. In the Mycenaean and Geometric periods (1600-700 B.C.) the northern slope of the hill served as a cemetery which contained both vaulted tombs and simple cist graves.

From the 6th century B.C. onwards the hillside became a residential quarter belonging to the fashionable district of Melite. Cuttings still evident in the bedrock attest to the district’s many roads, wells, drains, reservoirs, floors, and irregular buildings.

Access to this neighbourhood was provided by stairways cut right into the living rock. Then in the Late Roman period (4th-6th centuries A.C.) four luxury houses, which probably served as philosophical schools – located at the north slope of the hill – had supplanted the houses of the Classical era.

Christianity

The Areopagus is also associated with the spread of Christianity into Greece. Some time near the middle at the 1st century AD, the Apostle Paul is said to have converted a number Athenians by teaching the tenets of the new religion from the summit of the hill.

Areopagus pauls talk

Among the converts was Dionysius the Areopagite, the patron saint of the city at Athens, who, according to tradition, was the city’s first bishop. There are remains of a church named in his honor, preserved on the northern slope of the hill.

The church of St. Dionysius

The church of St. Dionysius the Areopagite was a three-aisled basilica with a narthex at west, central apse, diakonikon (the apse terminating the southern aisle) and prosthesis (the apse terminating the northern aisle). It was built in the middle of the 16th century. However, an earthquacke destroyed it in 1601.

The monumental Archibishop’s Palace comletely enclosed the church and grounds to the north and west. This two-storey Palace was built between the middle of the 16th and end of the 17th century. It was consisted of a complex of rooms which-included warehouses, a kitchen, a dining hall, and also two wine presses.

How to visit the Areopagus

The visit to the Areopagus is free and it is always opened. Despite it’s now only a hill of rocks it’s intersting for his history and it offers a beautiful view of the Acropolis of Athens.

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Is the Parthenon open to the public? How much is it?

Is the Parthenon open to the public

Yes, it is. You can visit the Parthenon when you visit the Acropolis.

How much does it cost to visit the Parthenon in Greece?

When you by the ticket you pay not only for the Parthenon but for all the Acropolis. The entrance ticket is 20 euros but during the winter season between the 1st November and 31th March the ticket is reduced to 10 euros.

You can also buy a combined ticket for 30 Euros that includes:

  • the Acropolis and its Slopes
  • the Ancient Agora
  • The Roman Agora
  • Hadrians’s library
  • Olympieion
  • Kerameikos
  • Aristotele’s Lykeion

The combined ticket is valid for 5 days.

Is the Parthenon open to the public? How much is it? 2

Can you go inside the Parthenon?

No, you can’t go inside the Parthenon. The Parthenon area is surrounded by a division that doesn’t let you enter inside. Anyway you can walk all around the temple.

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Who was the Parthenon built for? Who built it and why?

visit the partheon athens

Who was the Parthenon built for?

The Parthenon is a temple of the Doric order and was dedicated to Athena Parthenos.

Who built it and why?

The ancient fortifications, buildings and statues on the Acropolis were destroyed during the Persian occupation of 480 BC. After that period the acropolis ceases to be a fortress.

After the Victory of Marathon in 490 BC, Pericles wanted to celebrate the victory over the Persians and the political, economic and cultural primacy of Athens. For this reason the reconstruction of the Acropolis began and the city began to build on the Acropolis a temple for Athena: the Parthenon itself.

The Parthenon is the most important building of the programme of Perikles for the re-establisment of the Acropolis sanctuary.

The architects of the temple were Iktinos and Kallikrates. The renowned sculptor Pheidas collaborated with other sculptors to design and execute the big sculptural work of the decoration of the temple. He created also the 13 metres tall statue of Athena made by gold and ivory which stood inside the temple. The Parthenon was built in 447-438 B.C. and its sculptural compositions were completed in 432 B.C.

The Parthenon is the temple that Perikles wanted to erect on the Acropolis as a symbol of the victory of the greek union. It was the symbol of the passage from the old religious traditions of the individual communities to what we could call the religious ideology of united Greece.

The construction of a monument of unprecedented splendor was a way to affirm the ideological and political supremacy of Athens.

The Parthenon is a lasting symbol of ancient Greece and Athenian democracy, and certainly represents one of the largest cultural monuments in the world.

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Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous?

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous?

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special for 3 main reasons:

  • what it symbolized
  • how it was built
  • the many fine works of Art

What the Partheon symbolized

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous?
Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous?

How it was built

The Parthenon is unique for its proportion and for the way it was built.

The Parthenon is the final result of a long course of development of the Doric order, which had began at least 250 years earlier. It is built from Pentelic marble. The precision with which the marble was worked is astonishing.

It comprises around 16500 pieces that are joined together other perfectly. Yet most impressive of all is the indiscernible deviation from a strict geometric form to create the famous optical refinements. This was made to have the desired effect.

The lines of the crepisis of the entablature curve slightly upwards rather than being straight. The shaft of the columns also have a slight convex curve which becomes narrower at 2/5 of their height.

The corner columns of each side are a little wider than all the others. All the columns have a small inclination toward the cella. These and other alterations from strict symmetry and uniformity serve to instill an additional pulse into the building.

As you can well understand it wasn’t easy to get the exact best result and effect desired. This is a demostration of the skill the Athenians had in maths and geometry.

Is the Parthenon open to the public
Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous?

Parthenon works of art

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is unique for the richness and quality of its sculptures.

The Statue of Athena

The most precious statue in the Parthenon was the statue of Athena. The central part of the temple was divided in 2 sections: the eastern and the western.

The great gold and ivory statue of the goddess Athena was guarded in the eastern section. This magnificent work of art was made by the sculptor Pheidias and it was very big because it was about 13 metres tall. For all these reasons the statue of Athena was considered a masterpiece in antiquity. Unfortunately this statue is now lost.

The frieze

The frieze encircled the cella externally 12 metres above its base. It has a total length of 160 metres and around a metre high. It was made by 115 bas-relief blocks with sculpture depictions of people and animals in motion represented, in a continuos way, all along the frieze.

The faces of the figures resemble each other but they have a great variety in their poses, movements and clothing. They are serious and calm, showing character, spirituality and pride. The horses of the procession are all shown in profile. Some walk quietly, others gallop, and others fight with each other. The head mane and tail give to each horse distinct individuality.

The frieze was not only well graven but also well painted with rich colours that embellished the figures.

The statues in the pediments

Really noteworthy were the statues in the pediments. The pediments are the triangular areas formed by the sloping and horizontal cornices of the roof over the two narrow ends of the temple. The colossal sculpures of the Parthenon followed a specific theme. The east pediment depicts the birth of the goddess Athena and the west part depicts the conflict between Athena and Poseidon for the possesion of Attica.

These statues were carved with the same care in the front side and on the back even if nobody would see the back of the statue. This was important because they were made as offering to the gods and they had to be perfect.

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Why is the Parthenon important: Related Posts

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? Related Posts:

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